podcast

Homeschool Poetry | Why Should I Bother?

I know what you’re thinking…Homeschool poetry? Really?

Haven’t I got enough to think about in my homeschool already, without adding poetry into the mix too?!

I know! I get it!

Many of you may even be thinking, “What is poetry even for?”

Let me explain!

Homeschool Poetry - Why should I bother?

In episode 18 of Raising Mums, we tackle:

👉🏽 Why poetry should be a part of every child’s education!
👉🏽 Easy ways to make poetry a part of your homeschool.
👉🏽 Why you shouldn’t be intimidated by it!

WATCH THIS VIDEO!

homeschool poetry

The fact that I am asked these questions regularly reflects the way the modern world thinks today. Our utilitarian view of life believes that if something is valuable it must first be useful or practical, rather than beautiful. Basically, if something is beautiful… well, that’s nice, but its not important!

It supposes that if poetry doesn’t have a practical purpose, its not worthwhile. How wrong that is!

Will poetry increase you children’s vocabulary? Yes.

Will it help them with grammar and spelling? Probably.

Will it give them a greater mastery of the English language? Most certainly.

But that is not why we do it!

Poetry moves the heart. Words have the power to affect us deeply. That is the way we have been created. 

When the Quran was sent down, and the Quraysh heard it, what did they accuse the Prophet (saw) of? Of being a poet! 

That is because the Quran has the sound and feel of poetry.

That is how Allah (swt) chose to communicate with us; through poetry-like words.

Why? Because beautiful words touch our hearts. Because they can penetrate deep into our souls and have the ability to change the listener. 

It is through these words that we remember God. 

Poetry, has a similar effect. It can help you and your children remember God. In the same way that looking upon a flower blooming or spectactular sunset can remind us of our creator; so too can hearing beautiful words.

Poetry can also teach us great morals.

“Poetry is, perhaps, the most searching and intimate of our teachers…Poetry supplies us with tools for the modelling of our lives, and the use of these we must get at ourselves.”

Charlotte Mason (Vol. 4, p. 71)

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If, like me, your experience of poetry at school was next to none, starting poetry readings in your homeschool can be intimidating.

Here are a 4 Easy Ways you can Begin including poetry into your child’s education.

For further explanation, please watch the video or listen to the podcast above.

4 Ways to Begin with Poetry in Your Homeschool

❤ Start Collecting Poetry Books (see Book Recommendations below)

❤ Read a poem every day

❤ Give children a choice

❤ Encourage delight before ever beginning to analyse a poem (Remember the Cake analogy from the Video!)

homeschool poetry

Homeschool Poetry Recommendations:

Tomie’s Little Mother Goose – Lovely nursery rhyme collection
When We Were Very Young & Now We Are Six By A.A.Milne
All the Silver Pennies – Collection of children’s poetry
Illustrated Treasury of read-Aloud Poems by Glorya Hale
Read Me Out Loud: A Poem to To Rap, Chant, Whisper Or Shout For Every Day Of The Year: A Poem for Every Day of the Year!
Christina Rossetti – Classic children’s poetry. (Please note, some poems in this book my not be suitable for sensitive children. )
The Lost Words by Robert MacFarlane

So this week, dust off those old poetry books and start reading from them to your children. Just read one poem each day to begin with. There is no need to analyse or discuss them poems in any depth; rather allow the poem itself to be the teacher.

Delight in those carefully crafted words and enjoy these precious moments together.

homeschool poetry

Thank you to our Sponsor

A huge thank you to WordUnited for sponsoring today’s episode of Raising Mums!

Make sure you check out their Early Years learning resources, including sensory toys, wooden toys and eco toys that promote learning through play! Children from birth to 5 can develop skills including communication, pre-writing and fine motor skills, numeracy, imaginative play, sensory and messy play, construction and more!

While you’re there, visit their Free Resources Hub!

Home educators can receive 10% off every time they shop using the Discount Code wu4homeed.

homeschool poetry

I hope you’ll join me next week, Sunday 9th February 2020, at 10 am GMT, on Facebook and Instagram, for another LIVE episode of Raising Mums

I hope you have a beautiful week friends!

Peace and Love,

Homeschool poetry
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Mum Stress | Managing Overwhelm for the Stay-at-Home Mum

Mum Stress | Managing Overwhelm for the Stay-at-Home Mum

Many women struggle through motherhood, consumed with feeling overwhelmed and stressed. Mum stress stops us enjoying motherhood to its fullest, and may even lead us to mistreat our loved ones.

Mum Stress | Managing Overwhelm for the Stay-at-Home Mum
 
3 steps to manage your stress so that you can enjoy your family again!

Blog post, podcast and video!

This blog-post contains affiliate links. For more information see Disclaimer.

As new mums, we were filled with aspirations of creating a beautiful, peaceful and loved-filled atmosphere for our family; but instead, it is us, mums, who have become the biggest barrier to this dream. Stressed and overwhelmed, these emotions spill out onto our spouse and children too.

We know that we can be better mums, but it’s not working out that way in our lives.

In reality, there will always be cause to be stressed. Whether it’s a messy house, unruly children or family disputes, there is always something that could trigger negative emotions in you. Instead of wishing for a different life, a life free from diffulties and struggles, you could be happier if you learnt to cope better with stress.

In episode 17 of Raising Mums, I give you the 3-steps you need to know to Deal with Mum Stress! If you feel overwhelmed or frazzled, these steps will help you to turn the situation around in the heat of the moment.

To find out how to manage your stress as a stay-at-home mum,

WATCH THIS VIDEO!

mum stress

3 Steps to Manage Mum Stress

  1. You are not your thoughts! Distance yourself from your thoughts and recognise that your true essence is your soul, not the chatter that goes on in your mind. This will stop your negative emotions escalating.
  2. Practice gratitude. List at least 3 things you are grateful for. This will help you to turn the negative emotions into positive ones.
  3. Renew your intention. Remember your “why.” This will help you to move forward, free from stress and renewed.
mum stress

These three steps will help you to gain “mental space.” If this is not enough, try to create “physical space” too. This means leaving the situation that is causing you stress. Perhaps you need to leave the room, make some tea, or go into the garden.

Use these techniques to manage your stress. It will help you to enjoy your children again, and thrive as a mother!

mum stress

Resources Mentioned in this Episode


Thank you to our Sponsor!

Thank you to WordUnited for sponsoring today’s episode!

 Make sure you check out their website, where home-educating parents can browse and filter resources by subjects and learning areas! Explore their resources for children with special needs, including autism and dyslexia. Their website is super easy to navigate, allowing you to browse the specific area of learning for each subject, e.g. under numeracy, you can browse for resources in multiplication, fractions, telling the time, money etc. And check out their Free Resources Hub while you’re there!

Home educators can receive 10% off every time they shop using the DISCOUNT CODE wu4homeed. Isn’t that incredible?!

mum stress

Raising Mums is a weekly broadcast that streams LIVE on my Facebook and Instagram page every Sunday at 10am GMT!

In Next Week’s Episode, on Sunday 2nd February 2020, we’ll be talking about:

How to Add Poetry and Song into your Homeschool!

I’m so excited to talk about this topic! Adding poetry and song to your homeschool truly brings so much joy and heart to your children’s learning experience, and I can’t wait to talk to you more about it!

Thank you for stopping by today.

Wishing you a beautiful and blessed week ahead.

Peace and Love,

mum stress
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How to Homeschool during Pregnancy!

how to homeschool during pregnancy

I’ve just had a baby, so I know how hard it can be to homeschool during pregnancy!

As if homeschooling wasn’t challenging enough; and then add in nausea, exhaustion and the mood swings (oh boy those mood swings!) and it can seem almost impossible.

This blog-post contains affiliate links. For more information, please see Disclaimer.

But my experience with four pregnancies has taught me some “hacks” that can sustain your homeschool during pregnancy, ensuring that your children’s education doesn’t suffer and neither do you!

In Episode 16 of the Raising Mums, I share some amazing ideas will maintain the momentum in your children’s learning experience, whilst being easy and gentle on mum (that’s you!); and isn’t that what every pregnant mum needs?!

Whether you’re pregnant now, or worried about how having more children will impact on your homeschool, I’m speaking to you in this episode…

WATCH THIS VIDEO!

Prioritise your Health in Pregnancy

Remember, there is no homeschool without a homeschool mum!

If you don’t take care of yourself during this time, there may be no homeschool to come back to after the pregnancy is over. It may be necessary to rest during pregnancy, or take some time off from homeschooling, to maintain your own health and wellness…and that’s ok!

There is no homeschool without a homeschool mum | self care | homeschooling mum mom

Get more Homeschool bang for your buck!

Incorporate different subjects into one lesson. What does that mean? Let me explain!

For example after reading a work of literature, have your child:

  • Write out a passage for hand-writing
  • Practice spelling some of the words
  • Learn new vocabulary from the passage
  • Narrate what they just heard for English composition
  • Writing down their narration will also teach spelling and grammar too
  • Have them read the next page for reading practice
  • Choose a book that is set in a historical time period to include History
  • Perhaps there is a way to involve Science or Maths into the lesson too!

Maybe you can find a way to bring maths into a science lesson, or maybe even English or History!

This doesn’t mean creating complicated unit-studies, but just using what you already have planned and see if your children can learn anything more from it!

Simplify homeschooling when pregnant!

Unless it brings you joy, cut back on complicated art projects, hands-on activities or field trips.

Instead, use resources that give you “more bang for your buck!” (see explanation above).

Use Open and Go Homeschool Curricula

Open-and-go curricula are generally not something I would use. They do not fit well with the Charlotte Mason philosophy of education, however for those really hard days (or weeks) during pregnancy, open-and-go curricula are a life-saver!

All that is required is to open the book or login into the online programme, and work through the next lesson.

Here are a few of my favourites:

Don’t forget AUDIOBOOKS!

Pregnancy is a great time to catch up on reading, and let you kids feast on the plethora of excellent quality audiobooks that are out there. We get our audiobooks from:

  • Audible – Choose from the world’s largest selection of audiobooks including best sellers, new releases, sci-fi, romances, mysteries, classics, and more. 30-Day FREE TRIAL! Get One free audiobook of your choice – yours to keep, even if you cancel! Prime customers receive two audiobooks in your trial.
  • Quantum Chronicles – a collection of Islamic audio series including the Life of the Prophet (saw) and Maryam, the mother of Eesa (AS). Use DISCOUNT CODE: OMHomeschool 15 for 15% OFF!

You might also like:

You might also like these episodes of Raising Mums all about Time Management!

Run your Home like a BOSS – Part 1

Run your Home like a BOSS! – Part 2 + FREE Planner

How Super-Mums do it ALL! + FREE Planner


Thank you to our Sponsor

A big thank you to WordUnited for sponsoring this episode. Check out their Free Resources Hub with 100s of free resources to download, print and share, and their Blog that includes many videos with lots of ideas and links to free printables to make learning fun. Explore free resources for maths, English, languages including Arabic and French, science, history, geography, arts and crafts, fine motor skills and resources for children with special needs.


I’ll be back again next week, Sunday 26th January, at 10 am GMT, LIVE on Facebook and Instagram for the next episode of Raising Mums!

Peace and Love,

Homeschool resources
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Homeschool Resources | Favourites from 2019

Homeschool resources

The past year has lead to some great discoveries! Some of these homeschool resources were a part of our plan, whilst others were unexpected pleasures!

Homeschool Resources | Our favourites from 2019, to help you pick the Best Homeschool resources for your children!

This blog-post contains affiliate links. For more information, please see Disclaimer.

In Episode fifteen of the Raising Mums podcast, I share some of our favourite homeschool resources of the past year.

WATCH THIS VIDEO!

Favourite Homeschool Resources

Here are a list of all the homeschool resources mentioned in the video:

Homeschool Curricula

Audio Books

Homeschool Resources - Islamic Audio Books

Books

Podcasts

homeschool resources

Thank you to our Sponsor

A BIG THANK YOU to our sponsor, WordUnited! The one-stop destination for 1000s of fun learning resources, including hard-to-find resources, books and educational toys for children from birth to 11 years old. WordUnited is the fastest growing educational toys and books supplier in the UK. Delivery is fast and customers can receive free delivery over £40, free gift wrapping and even free batteries if requested.

homeschool resources

I’ll be back LIVE again next week, Sunday 19th January 2020 at 10am GMT, with another episode of Raising Mums on my Facebook and Instagram accounts insha’Allah.

Next week we’ll be discussing…

Homeschooling during Pregnancy!

I hope I’ll see you there!

Peace and Love,

Homeschool resources
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13 Ways to Encourage the Reluctant Reader

Encourage the Reluctant reader

It can be disappointing, maybe even heart-breaking, when your child won’t read. Many families have at least one reluctant reader who just doesn’t enjoy reading. But don’t worry, there are many ways you can encourage your child to read at home, and enjoy it!

How to encourage the reluctant reader to read! Booklists, podcast, video and FREE checklist to get them reading!

This blog-post contains affiliate links. Please see the Disclaimer for more information.

Children who read do better at school , opens up world of opportunities There are many little ways to enlarge your world.  Love of books is the best of all.”

– Jacqueline Kennedy

In Episode fourteen of the Raising Mums podcast, I discuss a variety of different ways you can encourage your reluctant reader to start reading!

WATCH THIS VIDEO!

13 ways to Encourage the Reluctant Reader

The key, is to focus on the experience. Make reading a fun activity!Children should feel loved and safe, not judged or stressed.

Here are a feel ideas of ways you can cultivate a love of reading in your reluctant readers:

  • Read aloud – Keep on reading aloud even after children can read themselves.
  • Use AudiobooksAudible, Librivox,
  • Take it in turns to read a sentence/page/chapter
  • Chose funny books, mystery books, graphic novels, poems, joke books or magazines and comics, or non-fiction. (See book list below)
  • Take a closer look – Illustrated, font
  • Use eBooks Kindle, ManyBooks, Project Gutenberg, Oxford Owl
  • Find a purpose in reading – Topic they love, something they’re learning about, a place they’ve visited, or an audiobook they’ve listened to.
  • Add in a hands-on activity or a book-related trip.
  • Collect the Series – Get them hooked on a series of books. (See booklist below.)
  • Be the example – Let your children see you read
  • Tweet/Email an author!
  • Create a Book Club with friends
  • Ask them to read bedtime story to siblings

If you can’t remember all of that, don’t worry! I’ve created a FREE CHECKLIST for you.

Download it onto your phone, or print it out for your reference!

Encourage your Reluctant Readers with these ideas! Blog post also includes podcast, video and booklist.

To get your download your FREE CHECKLIST, just CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW:

Books for Reluctant Readers

Magic treehouse

Dinosaur Cove

Ultimate Football Heroes

I Survived

Doctor Dolittle

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland

“If you are going to get anywhere in life you have to read a lot of books.”

Roald Dahl

You don’t need to try all of these ideas or buy all of these books! Just pick one of two that you think might work for your children and give it a go!

Next week’s episode of Raising Mums, on 12th January 2020, I’ll be sharing My Favourite Homeschool Finds of 2019.

As we’re going on a family holiday, that episode will be pre-recorded and published on my Youtube channel and as Podcast. There will be no LIVE broadcast that week.

But I’ll be back LIVE again the following week, Sunday 19th January 2020 at 10am GMT, with another episode of Raising Mums on my Facebook and Instagram accounts insha’Allah.

I look forward to seeing you there!

Peace and Love,

Free homeschool resources

Simplify your Homeschool with a Morning Basket

Using a morning basket can simplify your homeschool, whilst at the same time adding an abundance of riches to your children’s education.

Morning baskets, filled with living books, add depth and meaning to your homeschool days in a way that is easy for you to implement. There are no faddish curriculum or clever gimmicks here! Just a basket filled with beautiful books to nourish your children.

Simplify your homeschool with a morning basket! Find out how here!

morning basket homeschool

This blog-post includes affiliate links. Please see the Disclaimer for more information.

Morning Basket in your Homeschool

In episode number 13 of the Raising Mums podcast, I explain:

  • What is a Morning Basket?
  • Why is it such an effective teaching method?
  • How do we use the morning basket?
  • What shall I put in mine?
  • How can a morning basket simplify our homeschool?

To find out more, WATCH THIS VIDEO!

LINKS MENTIONS

Raising Mums Podcast – Listen to these LIVE broadcasts when you’re on the go!

Run Your Home Like a BOSS! – Time Management For Mums

Quran (English Translation) – Read just a few ayah each day.

Primary Language Lessons – Used for poetry memorisation and English curriculum.

All the Silver Pennies – Collection of Children’s Poetry

Robin Hood – Our favourite book this year! For children aged 7+. (Disclaimer. Some scenes mention drinking and mild romance)

Little House – Wonderful picture book for all the family.

Read Aloud Revival – Book lists galore!

Ambleside Online – Extensive lists of living books, free Charlotte Mason homeschool curriculum, teacher resources.

morning basket homeschool

I’ll be back again next Sunday, 5th January, at 10am GMT, LIVE on FACEBOOK and INSTAGRAM, talking about:

Encouraging the Reluctant Reader!

I hope I’ll see you all there!

Thanks for stopping by.

Peace and Love,

morning basket homeschool

How to Stay Motivated when you Homeschool

How to stay motivated when you homeschool

Homeschooling requires a lot of motivation. Whether it’s just getting up early to start school, preparing lessons, or dealing with the ever changing emotions of your children; you need to stay motivated when you homeschool!

How to stay motivated when you homeschool! Podcast + video

In the latest episode of Raising Mums I share the reasons why homeschoolers need sustained motivation. I also share with you ways to generate and protect your existing motivation.

Raising Mums is a weekly broadcast that streams LIVE from our Facebook an  Instagram pages. You can also watch it on YouTube or listen as Podcast when you’re on the go!

In this week’s broadcast you will find out how to stay motivated when homeschooling gets tough. 

Learn about how you can get motivated and why learning this skill vital for every homeschooling parent. 

Watch this video!

Stay Motivated when you Homeschool

In this video, I discussed how through ambition, belief and action, you can generate sustained motivation in your homeschool!

Maintaining high levels of motivation matters because:

– With sustained motivation you can achieve anything 

– With sustained motivation you can push through anything 

– And with sustained motivation you can keep going when times get tough

Insha’Allah 

Sustained motivation from you leads to more freedom, more achievement, and more joy for your family.

My “high-tech” prop from the broadcast!

If you’re struggling to understand, go back and watch the video for a full explanation to learn how to stay motivated in your homeschool.

Links Mentioned:

💙Finding Homeschool Confidence 

💙 The Two BIG reasons WHY we Homeschool

💙Help your Children Memorise the Quran FAST

💙 Raising Mums Podcast

I’ll be LIVE again next week, at 10am GMT, Sunday 29th December on Facebook and Instagram talking about

“Morning Baskets! – What they are and how to use them”

I hope I’ll see you there! insha’Allah

Homeschool motivation

The Two Big Reasons Why We Homeschool!

Reasons why your should homeschool your children

One of the most common questions I am asked online, and in my real-life, is why we chose to homeschool. Why do we do home educate our children?

In the latest episode of Raising Mums I share the TWO reasons my family homeschool.

Raising Mums is a weekly broadcast that streams LIVE from our Facebook an Instagram pages. This week hundreds of you watched and joined in the conversation, discussing why we homeschool our children!

The Two Big Reasons why you should homeschool your children!

If you want to find out the TWO reasons why we homeschool

WATCH THIS VIDEO:

The TWO Reasons why we homeschool are:

  1. It enables us to provide our children with a true education. Education is the ordering of a child’s affection – meaning that they love that with is good, and hate that which is bad. Educating our children at homes helps us to ensure that this will be the focus of their education.
  2. I Love it! A successful homeschool depends upon the happiness and contentment of the mother (assuming she is the primary educator). Make sure you do what you need to do to find joy in your homeschool day, and your children will reap the benefits.

If you want to know more, make sure you go back and WATCH THE VIDEO!

Why we homeschool the children. 
the aim of education as 
to order a child’s affection.

So tell me, why do YOU homeschool? What reasons drove you to make the big decision to educate your children or home? Why are consdering homeschooling for your children?

Let’s chat in the comments below!

If you enjoyed this episode of Raising Mums, I think you’ll love “Sustainable Homeschooling | Securing your homeschool for the future,”-  CLICK HERE

Thank you for stopping by. I’m so grateful to have you here. 

If you have any questions, pop them for me in the comments below. 

You can also find me on Facebook, Instagram and Pinterest

Peace and Love,

99 names Allah children

LIVE Q&As + Big Announcement!

Raising mums podcast

This week, I was on the Our Muslim Homeschool Facebook and Instagram page answering your questions LIVE!

I answer questions about:

  • Daily Routines
  • Healthy meal ideas
  • After school activities at home
  • Teaching children about the Islamic Heros
  • Coping with mess
  • Feeling overwhelmed

This blogpost contains affiliate links. Please see disclaimer for more information.

Big Announcement

In this LIVE broadcast, I also made a BIG ANNOUNCEMENT. If you don’t want to spoil the suprise, stop scrolling and watch the video now!

So, here’s the news….

Firstly, these LIVE weekly shows have been given a new name, “Raising Mums”. I chose this name as it reflected my ambition for this show….

A live weekly broadcast that inspires mums to live with purpose and intention, to raise their children mindfully, and empowers mothers everywhere to own their lives and to thrive doing it!

Dr Gemma Elizabeth – Raising Mums

And even BIGGER NEWS!….you can now listen to Raising Mums as a podcast!

Raising Mums Podcast launch
Listen to the New Podcast: Raising Mums!

Podcast Launch

Yes, that’s right! Wherever you listen to your podcasts, you can head over there now, and Subscribe to Raising Mums!

You can listen to these broadcasts whilst you’re commuting to work, cleaning the house, working out, or driving the car! The great thing about podcasts, is that you can “grow on the go”, and learning whilst doing other things! Perfect for busy mums…right?!?!

Please had over to iTunes, Apple podcasts and Spotify, and leave a review for “Raising Mums” so other mums, like you, can find it!

You can also simply play the podcast directly from my website! Try it now…

And as always, you can watch the replay of this LIVE broadcast on Youtube. Just click on the link below!

Watch this Video!

Homeschool Resources Mentioned

Subscribe to “Raising Mums” on iTunes

Read Aloud Family

Ayat Jamilah

Mirage audiobooks

Ghazali Children

Al Ghazali by Demi

How to run your home like a boss Part 1

How to run your home like a boss- Part 2

Meal planning app – 30 Day FREE Trial

Add me as a friend on Plan to Eat using email: Ourmuslimhomeschool@gmail.com

If you missed last week’s video: Run your home like a BOSS! – Part 2 just CLICK HERE!

This episode marks the end of Season 1 of Raising Mums. It’s been an incredible few months, and I’m so grateful for all the lessons I’ve learnt during this time and the people I’ve come to know through it.

I’ll be back Sunday 24th March 2019 at 10am GMT on Facebook and Instagram LIVE for the launch of Season 2. insha’Allah

I’ve got some great content planned for you! I hope I’ll see you then!

Peace and Love,

Living history curriculum islamic

Dr Gemma Elizabeth

Run your Home like a Boss | Part 2 + FREE Planner

Run your home like a boss + free planner

Running your home like a boss is a way that homeschool mums can free up their time and energy. Whether it’s the desire for more time to read aloud to their children, or the energy to play football in the garden, time management is the way to achieve it.

Home management for homeschool mums

If you are looking to take ownership for your time and energy, and live a life of more meaning and purpose, you’ll want to WATCH THIS VIDEO!

I’ve also made a FREE Home Management Planner for you, which you can find towards the end of this blog-post.

This blog-post contains affiliate links. Please see Disclaimer for more information.

WATCH THIS VIDEO!

Home Management Resources Mentioned:

Run your Home like a BOSS! PART 1 – Last week’s video

How Super-Mums do it ALL! Time Management Video

Google Calendar

Meal Planning App – 30-day FREE Trial

FREE Boss Mum Planner

As I showed you in the video, you can download and print out your very own Home Management Planner here!

It’s FREE! I don’t even want your email address!

Just click on the link below:

Boss Mum Home management planner

Running your home “like a boss” is really all about owning your time and energy, taking responsibility for it, and using them wisely.

I’ll be LIVE again next week, at 10am GMT, Sunday 3rd February, on Facebook and Instagram for a:

“LIVE Q&A Session!”

If you have a question about homeschooling, motherhood, home-management, blogging or something else, now’s your chance to ask!

The “call for questions” will be published on my Instagram and Facebook pages on Thursday 31st January, where you can leave your questions.

Although it is not always possible to get through all the questions, I will do my best insha’Allah!

If you’d prefer to leave a question anonymously, please submit it in the box below, giving as much detail as possible:

Submit a question

Thank you for tuning in. Please let me know how you are progressing, and what steps you are taking to move forward in this area, in comments below.

I’d love to hear from you.

Peace and Love,

Living history curriculum islamic

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